There is only an example of industry consortium, formed in May 1999 in the Carabobo State under the sponsorship of the governorate and technical advice from the Institute of social research, economics and technology of Venezuela (Insotev). In the case of manufacturing companies the difference between Venezuela and other countries is greater: Venezuela has just 0.35 per thousand inhabitants manufacturing companies, while Colombia quadruple this figure and Germany and Japan have the highest rates in the world: 8.2 and 6.2, respectively. These figures should not be surprised: the almost continuing decline in private investment since 1978 leaves no doubt of the dismantling of the Venezuelan productive apparatus. It is disturbing to observe that no sector of the Venezuelan company works at 100% of their capacity; It is presumed that this is mainly due to the fall in demand, which greatly affects the level of national production. To meet the demands of the new model of industrialization, modern SMEs need more qualified staff and managers willing to compete in global markets. This leaves little room for the traditional SMEs, generating products or low quality, whose technological innovation is little or no services and their managers are poorly prepared to integrate (horizontally or vertically) with other companies.
A minority of SMEs Venezuela uses advanced technology, based their competitiveness in quality of the designs, the productive flexibility and the opportunity of the deliveries, and exports directly or as providers of intermediate products for large enterprises that exported. Small entrepreneurs do not generally known, the situation of their businesses, because their planning and control systems are poorly developed. One of the main weaknesses of SMEs is marketing. The entrepreneur in charge of an SME is unknown that they want, where they are, who are the customers and why buy you.