Sports nutrition has as its main objective the development of the abilities of athletes
Sports nutrition is a specialized branch of human nutrition applied to people who play sports such as intense weightlifting, the cultures or fitness, those who require long-term efforts in time, so-called sport of endurance, such as : marathon runners, cycling and triathlon. Depending on the ultimate objectives of sport and made his training, nutrition emphasizes one or the other foods, for example in anaerobic sports, such as cultures, is most important protein foods that promote muscle hypertrophy (increased muscle mass). In sports aerobics, such as cycling, are important foods that promote long-term effort energetico as food intake with carbohydrate.
The sports nutrition covers all cycles of the sport: the rest, and the active phase of recovery. It is true that exercise increases energy and nutritional needs of the body, a sports diet can vary from 110 kJ / kg / day (26 kcal / kg / day) in a woman practicing body building and 157 kJ / kg / day ( 38 kcal / kg / day) in women who do high-level gymnastics until a man triathlon consumed 272 kJ / kg / day (65 kcal / kg / day) and 347 kJ / kg / day (83 kcal / kg / day) a cyclist in the Tour de France .
Nutrition is one of the three factors that make the sport, other genetic factors are the athlete and the type of training performed. The foods that are included in a sports diet serving three basic objectives: provide energy, provide material for the enhancement and tissue repair, maintain and regulate the metabolism. There is an overall diet for athletes, each sport has a special and demands a specific nutritional.