What should you do before you start to learn a foreign language? That's right – to choose the most suitable method. Today we will talk about methods of learning foreign languages. Some of these methods probably are familiar to you, but maybe even tried out by you personally, while others are quite rare. 1. Grammatical-conversion method – used especially popular from 1890-till 1930th years.
At this time, students of language classes translated volumes of classic works Greek and Latin authors in their native language. Method based on the constant use of a set of dictionaries, grammar explanation in the student's native language, introducing a few sentences – and examples of infinite exercises to memorize the language constructs with minimal use of language in speech. Thus, although some students have achieved an impressive knowledge of the language, the majority and could not learn to speak. 2. Cognitive Method (1940 -1950 years). This method was first distinguished between four main aspects of language – reading, writing, listening and speaking – and now it is the latter came to be considered for training purposes. Became mandatory for communication foreign language in the process of learning. 3.
Audio-lingual method (1950 -1960 years). With the development of audio technology, this method has become particularly popular: it assumes the original play of language material, full support language, and repetition of the student constructs. Required attributes – audio tape recorder, headphones, cassette. Constant listening and repetition structures for speaker, no doubt, gave a definite effect, developing comprehension and pronunciation.