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Ancient Greece

That is a mosaic in that time has become the most convenient and common way of finishing. The first and, accordingly, the most primitive set of mosaic technique originated in the Middle East. It was called opus barbaricum (opus barbarikum). Significant improvement in this technique was in Greece. This mosaic compiled from the sea or river pebbles, but it was not too bright and expressive.

They are found in shrines and temples of Ancient Greece starting with the VII – VI century BC (Sanctuary of Artemis Ortii in Sparta, Athens Pronoia temple at Delphi). They also found in Spain, Sicily (mosaic from Carthage Motii, in the palace of Ai Khanum in Afghanistan) and in the capital of Macedonia (mosaic IV-III centuries BC. er. which are models of monochrome painting, such as 'Dionysus on leopard', 'deer hunting', 'The hunt for the lion'). Colored mosaic floor made of stone When the time scenic opportunities technology barbarikum practically exhausted themselves. Artists mosaicists switched to using crushed minerals. This led to the invention of new techniques.

The need for new technology was also due to the advent of new aesthetic principles, including the need to comply with local color and form to the image without requiring the use of lead or terracotta tsvetorazdelitelnyh and plates depicting typical barbarikum. Technology inlaid mosaic of fragmented pieces of stone was named opus tesselatum (opus tesselatum) on the original item – a cube-shaped stones – tessera. Initially appeared in a mosaic tesserae set sufficiently randomly and mainly pebble paving, then, as the development of technologies and techniques for working with tesselirovannoy mosaics and awareness of its scenic qualities, from start to gain Tesser fragments or individual sections mosaic.


In this three-dimensional stereo image is not a matter of fact, and creates flat screen illusion of volume. Fully three-dimensional, when you can look 'for object' is a hologram, but these cinemas and films are very expensive and not widely available. Thus, the figure – 2, 3, 4 – to characteristic type of movie does not specify the number of physical coordinates, is more correct to correlate this number with the generation of the evolution of cinema halls. Following the transfer of volume images, the next stage of development has effects on the vestibular apparatus viewer by moving the chair on which the viewer is in viewing. This step is designated as the fourth, and cinemas are equipped with movable seats, referred to as 4D, that is standard. Moreover, in the course of technology development, followed by movie theaters with moving seats, the technology was developed in the course of filing smells movies such as' sea breeze ',' pine forest ', etc.

These cinemas were called 5D. The effects of additional interventions, such as water and air flows to the viewer, tactile effectors, etc. are not considered as an evolutionary step. Modern Cinema 4D is a presentation system that combines a demonstration of a 3D movie with the physical effects that are supported by various devices in the theater and are synchronized according to the stereo image to screen. Under the physical effects of the hall to understand the vibration and movement of chairs, a simulation of rain, splashing liquid, wind, flashes of light. For this simulation, a chair 4D theaters may be equipped with speakers, reinforcing vibration devices, moving from side to side, back and forth, up and down, nozzles, feed water and air, and the hall – strobe, smoke machines, etc. The main goal of manufacturers of equipment for cinema 4D maintain and strengthen the 'sense of presence' of the visitors of the attraction.

Are there age restrictions for visiting the cinema 4D? We do not recommend going to the 4D attraction to children under 6 years old. Psychologists draw parents' attention to the fact that in this age the child still sees what is happening on the screen as part of the surrounding reality. Therefore, volumetric image and sudden movement of chairs, which further immerse the viewer in a small event on screen can be overly excite his nervous system. Can I use the stereo glasses, which give for watching movies in cinema 4D for viewing stereo pictures or movies in stereo on a computer monitor? No, it is impossible, as in our cinema, we use the glasses with polarizing filters, or to view stereo images on the screen you will need anaglyph glasses, which left oculo with red, and right – with the blue glass or glasses with active polarization. What is 5D cinema? 4D Theater, additionally equipped capsules with aromas of forest, ocean, flowers and fruits. What is the duration of the films in cinema 4D? Duration movies 4D cinema attraction is 15 to 25 minutes. This timing is determined not by chance that movies and allows you to enjoy viewing the stereo image with the maximum comfort to the eye.